For the use only for the registered medical practitioners or hospitals and laboratories. This compilation and literature of the drug is only for the guidance and information for the registered medical practitioners only. Properties and indications of the drug are on the basis of the raw materials available, detailed indications on the approved books of the first schedule of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940 of the Central Act of the Government of India.

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CONSTITUENTS OF BODY REVIVAL

 

ACORUS CALMUS

Latin Name : Acorus calamus Linn. (Araceae)
English Name : Sweet Flag, Calamus, Sweet Root
Sanskrit Names : Vacha, Sadgrantha, Ugragandha, Vayambur
Hindi Name : Bach

Habitat

It is found growing wild and is also cultivated throughout India, ascending to an altitude of 2,200m in the Himalayas.

Morphology Description (Habit)

Acorus calamus is a semi-aquatic, perennial, aromatic herb with creeping rhizomes. The rhizome is horizontal, jointed, somewhat vertically compressed and spongy within. It is pale to dark brown in colour; the leaves are grass-like or sword shaped, long and slesnder; flowers are small, yellow-green and in a spadix.

Principal Constituents

The important constituents of Indian calamus oil are asarone and its ß-isomer. The dried rhizomes constitute the drug Calamus of commerce. The rhizomes, roots and leaves yield a light brown to brownish yellow volatile oil known as Calamus oil.

Indications

In the Ayurvedic system of medicine, the rhizomes are considered to possess anti-spasmodic, carminative and anthelmintic properties, and, are used for the treatment of a host of diseases such as epilepsy and other mental ailments, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery, bronchial catarrh, intermittent fevers, glandular and abdominal tumours. They are also used to treat kidney and liver troubles, rheumatism and eczema.

*Note: Reference from different internet websites.

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