Constituents of body revival

Acorus Calmus

Acorus Calmus

Latin Name : Acorus calamus Linn. (Araceae)
English Name : Sweet Flag, Calamus, Sweet Root
Sanskrit Names : Vacha, Sadgrantha, Ugragandha, Vayambur
Hindi Name : Bach


It is found growing wild and is also cultivated throughout India, ascending to an altitude of 2,200m in the Himalayas.


Morphology Description (Habit)
Acorus calamus is a semi-aquatic, perennial, aromatic herb with creeping rhizomes. The rhizome is horizontal, jointed, somewhat vertically compressed and spongy within. It is pale to dark brown in colour; the leaves are grass-like or sword shaped, long and slesnder; flowers are small, yellow-green and in a spadix.


Principal Constituents
The important constituents of Indian calamus oil are asarone and its ß-isomer. The dried rhizomes constitute the drug Calamus of commerce. The rhizomes, roots and leaves yield a light brown to brownish yellow volatile oil known as Calamus oil.


In the Ayurvedic system of medicine, the rhizomes are considered to possess anti-spasmodic, carminative and anthelmintic properties, and, are used for the treatment of a host of diseases such as epilepsy and other mental ailments, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery, bronchial catarrh, intermittent fevers, glandular and abdominal tumours. They are also used to treat kidney and liver troubles, rheumatism and eczema.


*Note: Reference from different internet websites.


Action on Human Body


  • Protective effect of Acorus calamus LINN on free radical scavengers and lipid peroxidation in discrete regions of the brain against noise stress exposed rat. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005 Dec;28(12):2327-30. Manikandan S, Srikumar R, Jeya Parthasarathy N, Sheela Devi R..
  • Research on the anticarcinogenic activation of Acorus calcamus .. – – Anticarcinogenic, Activation Of AlphaAsarone On Human Cancer Cells.1986, August 6, 480- 483. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.
  • Bronchodilatory effect of Acorus calamus (Linn.) is mediated through multiple pathways. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 131, 471-477. 2010. Shaha, A.J., Gilani, A.H.
  • Inhibitory role of Acorus calamus in ferric chloride-induced epileptogenesis in the rat. Human Experimental Toxicology 2007, 27, 947-953.Pradhan, S.N., Ray, K., Hazra, R., Ghua, R.D.
  • Antidepressant-like effects of Acorus calamus in forced swimming and tail suspension test in mice. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1, S17-S19. 2011. Pawar, V.S., Akhade, A., Baokar, S., Shivakumar, H.
  • Therapeutic efficacy of Acorus calamus on acetaminopheninduced nephrotoxicity and oxidative stress in male albino rats.Acta Pharmaceutica Sciencia 52, 89-100. 2013Palani, S., Kumar, R., Parameswaran, R.P., Kumar. B.S.
  • In the vitro anticancer activity of standard extracts used in Ayurveda. Pharmacognosy Magazine 5, 425-429. 2009 Gaidhani, S.N., Lavekar, G.S., Juvekar, A.S., Sen, S., Singh, A., Kumar, S.
  • An overview of traditional uses and pharmacological prole of Acorus calamus Linn. (Sweet ag) and other Acorus species.Phytomedicine. 2014 Feb 15;21(3):268-76 . Rajput SB, Tonge MB, Karuppayil SM.
  • Anticonvulsant, antiveratrinic and antiarrhythmic actions of Acorus calamus Linn.– an Indian indigenous drug. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther.1960 Feb 1;124:201-11. Madan BR, Arora RB, Kapila.