Constituents of body revival

Aegie Marmelos (BAEL)

Aegie Marmelos (BAEL)

Latin Name : Aegle marmelos (Linn.), Correa. ex Roxb.
English Name : Bael Tree
Sanskrit Names : Bilva, Shivaphala
Hindi Name : Bel



con2It is called ‘Shivadurme’, the tree of Shiva, and is one of the sacred trees of the Hindus. Leaves are offered in prayers to Shiva and Parvathi since ancient times. It has its own place in indigenous systems of medicine. The fruit is the subject of several solar-phallic myths. Hindu physicians regard the unripe or half-ripe fruit as astringent, digestive and stomachic and prescribe it to treat diarrhoea and dysentery. The thick sherbet of the ripe fruit has a reputation among Europeans as an agreeable laxative. It is also given for piles; and as a remedy for diarrhoea. The root bark is used as a remedy in hypochondriasis, melancholia and palpitation of the heart. Fresh leaf juice used as a laxative and febrifuge is used in asthmatic complaints and jaundice. The chinese used the leaves and young fruits to adulterate Opium. In Bengal it is used for dysentery. In Concar, small and unripe fruits are used for piles. The juice of bark is a remedy for poverty of seminal fluid.


It is found in India, Burma, and Sri Lanka, often planted in the vicinity of Shiva temples. It grows wild all over the sub-Himalayan forests, central India and its west coast and in dry hilly places ascending to 4,000 ft. high.


Morphology Description (Habit)
It is a medium to large sized deciduous, glabrous and armed tree with axillary and 2.5 cm long spines. Leaves alternate, 3-5 foliate, leaflets are ovate to lanceolate, crenate, acuminate, membranous and petiololed. Flowers in short axillary panicles, large and scented. Calyx pubescent and four lobed. Petals 4, white and gland dotted. Stamens many. Ovary ovoid, cells 10-20, ovules many, fruit globose, grey or yellowish, rind woody. Seeds many, oblong, compressed, embedded in reddish yellow coloured sweet pulp.


Principal Constituents
Aegelin, formerly identified as sterol but clarified as a neutral alkaloid, rutacine, y – sitosterol, aegelemine and aegeline were identified from the leaves1. Marmin, marmesin, umbelliferine, skimmianine were identified from the bark and roots2. A major constituent of the fruit is the mucilage and marmelosin (0.5%) a coumarin, in addition to the minor constituents like reducing sugar, essential oils, ascorbic acid and various minerals.


Alcoholic and aqueous extracts of the leaves have similar effect as digoxin in amplitude and contractions of the frog’s heart. Alcoholic extract of the roots and fruits showed hypoglycaemic activity in albino rats and fruit extract has antiviral activity against Ranikhet disease virus. Marmelosin has anthelmintic activity against ankylistomiasis3.


The roots are astringent, bitter and febrifuge. They are useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, dyspepsia, stomachalgia, cardiopalmus, seminal weakness, vomiting, intermittent fever and swellings. The leaves are useful as laxative, febrifuge and expectorant, also in ophthalmia, deafness, inflammations, catarrh, diabetes and asthmatic complaints. The fruits are useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, stomachalgia, and good for heart and brain.


Product Range
Diarex (DiarCare), Lukol, Revitalizing Hair Oil, Diarex PFS, Diarex Vet, Bael, Chyavanaprasha.

*Note: Reference from different internet websites.


Action on Human Body Antioxident, Hepatoprotective, Controlling EarlyTumor Events.
  • Antioxidant and hepatoprotective potential of Aegle marmelos against CCl4- induced oxidative stress and early tumor events. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2009, Apr;24(2):320-7. Khan TH, Sultana S.
  • Therapeutic potential of Aegle marmelos (L.) – An overview Asian Pac J Trop Dis. 2014 Feb; 4(1): 71– 77 Shahedur Rahman and Rashida Parvin

Action on Human Body

Analgesic, Antipyretic, Astringent, Diuretic, Laxative, Stomachic, Antihyperglycemic, Anti-Dyslipidemic.


  • Antihyperglycemic and antidyslipidemic agent from Aegle marmelos. Bioorg Med Chem Lett.2007 Mar 15;17(6):1808-11. Epub 2006 Dec Narender T, Shweta S, Tiwari P, Papi Reddy K, Khaliq T, Prathipati P, Puri A, Srivastava AK, Chander R, Agarwal SC, Raj K.

Action on Human Body

Antithyroid, Antioxidative, Antihyperglycemic


  • Evaluation of the antithyroid, antioxidative and antihyperglycemic activity of scopoletin from Aegle marmelos leaves in hyperthyroid rats. Phytother Res. 2006 Dec;20(12):1103-5. Panda S, Kar A.

Action on Human Body


  • Hypoglycaemic effect of water extracts of Aegle marmelos fruits in streptozotocin diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol.2003 Aug;87(2-3):207- 10. Kamalakkannan N, Prince PS.