Ayurvedic medicine

 04 Oct 2022  541

Ayurvedic medicines are created from plant sources

Ayurveda, the name for the traditional Indian medical system, is based on prehistoric literature that emphasizes a "natural" and all-encompassing approach to mental and physical health. One of the oldest medical systems in the world, ayurvedic medicine is still used in India as a kind of traditional medicine. Ayurvedic medicine includes products (mostly made from plants, but sometimes occasionally from animals, metals, and minerals), nutrition, physical activity, and a way of life.

Ayurvedic remedies may help individuals with osteoarthritis feel less pain and perform better, and they may also assist those who have type 2 diabetes manage their symptoms, according to a few research, although the majority of these studies are small or poorly constructed. Scientific support for the effectiveness of Ayurveda in treating other medical conditions is scant.

A long-practiced medical method that originated in India. The objective is to purge the body and bring the body, brain, and soul back into harmony. It makes use of dietary restrictions, natural remedies, physical activity, breathing exercises, and other techniques. It falls under the umbrella of alternative and complementary therapies (CAM). As well-known as Ayurveda.

The Ayurvedic medical system predates the Vedic period. People choose Ayurvedic medications nowadays since allopathic medications are more expensive and have adverse effects. Both single component pharmaceuticals and compound formulations of the Ayurvedic system of medicine are based on plant, animal, and mineral extracts; however, Ayurveda doesn't preclude the use of any substances as possible sources of medication.

The majority of Ayurvedic chemical compositions fall into one of two categories:

1. Kasthausadhi (mostly plant-based medicines),

2. Rasausadhi (predominantly metals and minerals).

There are several Rasausadhi formulation categories, including Bhasma, Pisti, Lauha, Kapibadkva, Rasayana, and Asavaristra, Avleha, Grafa Churena, and Taila.

The Ayurvedic medications are made from plant sources from different sections of the plant as a whole or any extruded parts, such as the root, leaf, flower, or fruit. There are around 21 different types of compound compositions where some of the individual animal-derived medications are found (52 Nos). There are 55 items of mineral origin and 351 items of plant origin. The Government of India, Department of Health and Family Welfare issued the Ayurvedic Medicinal product of India, which contains information on the individual medications and other specifics.

Method of Production Ayurvedic medications come in the following categories and can be taken as a powder, tablets, capsules, liquid, or semi-solid forms.

• Asavsa and Aristha

• Rasayan Rasa

• Lauha

• Bati

• Churna

• Avaleha

• Ghrita

• Parpati

• Taila

• Goggulu

Standardization and Quality Control

Unlike allopathic medicine, there is currently no pharmacopoeial standard for each of the active substances in ayurvedic medicine. Physical descriptions, physical tests, pharmacoginized techniques, and other procedures can be used to identify plant species and learn about their pharmacognostic characteristics to identify, detect, and analyze crude drugs to standardize and control the quality of Ayurvedic medicines.

In general, the quality of Ayurvedic goods completely depends on the caliber of the raw ingredients and manufacturing techniques. Ayurvedic formulations' quality control procedures may be found in the "Pharmacopica Laboratories of India Medicine, next to ALTC, Ghaziabad (U.P)". The items must be made by the Indian Ministry of Health's procedure for prescribing medications.
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