Diet during pregnancy is one of the most important and essential aspects that must be addressed, as the growth of the fetus depends mainly on the health and nutrition of the mother.
According to Ayurveda nutrition or energy (i.e ahara rasa) is obtained from the three important aspects they are.
- Internal nourishment from the mother.
- Growing of the baby with nourishment.
- Finally preparing for the formation of breast milk (ie .stanyas)
During pregnancy it is important that mothers get a well-balanced diet with good nutritional value, any neglect or food deprivation can affect the physical and mental growth of the fetus or may lead to miscarriage. Premature delivery or low birth-weight baby are also some reasons. Here are some of the basic dietary rules which must be followed such as
- Having meals on time is essential as it keeps proper digestion and keeps the mother healthy.
- The mother should eat freshly prepared food as it can easily be digestible and keep the mother healthy.
- The mother should eat a well-balanced diet which provides the nutrition that is required for the growth of the baby.
- Nutritional supplements such as milk, vegetables, fresh fruits, and ghee should be consumed regularly in a desirable amount.
Indian diet in for 9th month of pregnancy
Ayurveda also recommends food and other nutritional supplements for the healthy development of fetus according to the month of pregnancy.
1. First Month of Pregnancy:
A pregnant woman should consume at least 2 glasses of milk every day throughout pregnancy, so that an adequate amount of calcium is obtained, which is a must for proper development of the fetus.
If complaints such as vomiting or nausea appear one can consume milk with flavored such as almonds, cardamom, elaichi, or dried ginger, which suits the pregnant woman.
2. Second Month of Pregnancy:
Ayurveda suggests drinking milk medicated with sweet herbs such as Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari), Sida cordifolia (bala). Adding 2 teaspoons of Shatavari Kalpa to a glass of milk will serve the purpose.
3. Third Month of Pregnancy:
For the third month, adding of buttermilk and honey to a diet is advised. It should be noted that honey should not be added in hot milk, it should either be added at warm or at room temperature.
The other important point one must remember that honey and butter must always be taken into unequal proportions such as 2tsps ghee +1 teaspoon of honey.
4. Fourth Month of Pregnancy:
In the fourth month’s diet, one can include all nourishment food, fruits, vegetables, and juice. The recommendation of fresh unsalted butter with crystal sugar is advised.
5. Fifth Month of Pregnancy:
In the fifth month of pregnancy diet, increase intake of ghee alone, or with food is advised. A minimum of 6-7 teaspoons of ghee must be consumed. Ayurveda recommends pure ghee that is only made from cow milk as it does not create fat in the body which is harmful to the body.
6. Sixth Month of Pregnancy:
Including all nourishment food and fruits. Ghee medicated with herbs such as Shatavari and licorice must be taken on an empty stomach early in the morning.
7. Seventh Month of Pregnancy:
Above all nourishment, the food diet plan must be continued in the seventh month of pregnancy.
8. Eighth Month of Pregnancy:
Along with all nourishment food, one must also consume a sweet porridge prepared with milk which is very useful in this month of pregnancy. In addition, one may have Semolina (Sooji and Rawa) made of wheat and rice vermicelli at least once a day.
9. Ninth Month of Pregnancy:
Ayurvedic massage with Anuvasana basti (oil enema) should be administered in the last month. As it allows the baby to acquire its normal position enable in favorable conditions for normal labor.
Best nutritional supplements for pregnancy
During the pregnancy, extra care must be taken in the diet as there is an increased demand for nourishment. Nutritional supplements such as vitamins, protein, and fats are essential. A few inclusions and changes in eating habits can benefit pregnant women and babies exceptional.
Ghee is one of the most used medicated oil in Ayurveda for various purposes. Ghee’s strength and built up the stamina of the mother.
It is the best internal oleating agent that provides internal lubrication to the body along with softness. It develops mental skills such as quick garbing, concentration, recalling a memory, etc, from the mother to baby.
A minimum dose of 6-7 teaspoons of ghee is advisable to consume alone or together with food every day.
Butter is another important food in pregnancy consuming 1-2 spoons of butter with crystal sugar is best as it provides strength and increases appetite.
It also adds shine and texture to the baby’s skin, preventing constipation from keeping away from batteries and fissures at bay.
During pregnancy calcium and energy is essential for fetal growth and pasteurized milk is a good natural source of both these.
Drinking milk at least twice daily with Shatavari Kalpa will not only provide energy and calcium, but it is also a good source of vitamin A and B that helps to generate an ample amount of breast milk in post-labor.
Consumption of buttermilk is very important in pregnancy. Consuming a small bowl freshly prepared buttermilk can increases appetite improving digestion and reduces complaints of gas, bloating, and prevents constipation.
Beside Vegetables like corn, mushroom yams most of the vegetables are beneficial in pregnancy. One must also avoid or consumed fewer vegetables such as green peas, beans, French beans as it increases vata and pitta.
Vegetables such as carrots, bottle gourd, (okra) ladies finger, snake gourd, pumpkin, ridge gourd, cucumber, potatoes, ash gourd, cabbage, and bitter gourd are good for health.
Eating leafy vegetables such as spinach and fenugreek and other salads can enrich vitamins, minerals, and iron if eaten in desirable quantities.
Remember not all fruits are beneficial during pregnancy, fruits such as papaya; kiwi pineapple must be strictly avoided. Mangoes can be eaten but in small quantities.
Fruits such as watermelons, custard apples, pear, and guava must be consumed rarely and in small amounts. Fruits such as sweet lime, grapes, and sweet oranges can be consumed as it is a citrus fruit that can prevent coughing.
Some fruits like amla, apple figs, chickoo are very beneficial for mother and baby’s health make it a habit of eating at least one fruit a day.
7. Dry fruits:
Eating dry fruits are very beneficial in pregnancy as it maintains hemoglobin as well as strengthens bones. Two almonds soaked at night and if consumed the next day it serves as a good brain tonic.
Dry fig is rich in calcium and iron one can consume two dry figs a day. Apricots are helpful in the formation of healthy muscle tissue it builds a good taste in mouth increasing appetite. Ceshu nut, walnuts pistachios must be avoided.
8. Warm water and fresh juice:
Drinking warm water and fresh juice is a must during pregnancy as it helps to maintain mother and baby’s fluid levels and control acidity. Water must be boiled properly at least for15 minutes for additional benefits you can add a 24karat gold piece into it while boiling.
Medicated water with gold boosts the immunity system of the body and also serves as a brain tonic. Drinking Coconut water is a good rejuvenating drink which not only enriches thirst but also takes care of water levels and amniotic fluid during pregnancy.
Freshly juices prepared from amla, lime, sweet lime, Granada, garcinia indica (Kokam) sherbet, lemon are also helpful in pregnancy to maintain baby’s fluid levels and to control acidity. Packaged juices must be avoided as it contains preservatives that are harmful in pregnancy.
9. Iron Supplement:
There are many vegetables and fruits from which one can get a good source of natural iron supplements such as dates, blackcurrant, beets, pomegranates, dried or fresh figs, lemon, amla, green leafy vegetables, and brown sugar. One can consume without any side effects.
Protein foods are necessary during pregnancy one can get it from the egg, lentils, edible seeds (Dals) and food prepared from vegetables especially cooked sprouts (Moog). Consuming of roti, chappati, parathas from rice, wheat or maize flour is best. One should also take precautions and avoid eating grams, soybeans, beans, chickpeas raw sprouts.
Note: During pregnancy some of the food which not advisable such as canned vegetables, fermented food, pasta, burgers, pizza, spices, cold drinks, hot drinks, soft drinks. Avoid eating aloe vera and color additives completely.